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It also should be stated whether the actual proclamation is the first, second, or third, and whether there will be a dispensation from further publications.The priest adds that a serious obligation rests on everyone to reveal to him any known impediment to the proposed marriage. It must be noted that by the council's own special act its marriage decree "Tametsi", with its provision for the banns (see CLANDESTINITY ) is binding only in those parishes in which it has been severally promulgated ; hence, when such formal promulgation is lacking the obligation of proclaiming the banns rest not on the Tridentine law, but on the earlier Lateran canon, also on local or particular ecclesiastical legislation and custom. The publication in the church of the names of persons intending marriage seems to have originated in France about the end of the twelfth century; it was already a custom of the Gallican Church in 1215, when Innocent III mentions it in a letter to the Bishop of Beauvais (c. In the same year the Fourth Lateran Council made it a general ecclesiastical law (c. The Council of Trent confirmed this law, and specified to a certain extent the manner of its execution.
Confessors, lawyers, physicians, midwives, are not bound to reveal impediments known to them through the discharge of their official or professional duties, nor does and obligation rest on those who fear that to make known and impediment would cause great detriment to themselves or their families, or who are aware that no good can result from their action, or know that the contracting parties have already made known the impediment.
The banns of minors must also be published in the place of residence or their parents or guardians. Custom has in many places exempted Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost. The banns are published regularly at the parish or principal Mass, though the publication may occur at any other Mass on the prescribed days, nor is it required that such publication be repeated at more than one Mass on the aforesaid days.